Principles of Chemical Engineering Processes Materials and Vitality Balances Second Version by Nayef Ghasem and Redhouane Henda
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The target of this guide is to introduce chemical engineering college students to the fundamental ideas and calculation methods used within the discipline and to acquaint them with the basics of the appliance of materials and vitality balances in chemical engineering. The guide is principally meant for junior chemical engineers. It exposes them to issues in materials and vitality balances that come up in relation to issues involving chemical reactors. The main focus is on single and multiphase programs associated to materials and vitality balances.This materials is launched in a way that there will probably be little lecture content material. Most of the fabric introduced covers work on downside fixing abilities. The fabric intrusion idea is defined briefly and easily to make this guide extra user-friendly. Many examples are included and solved in a easy and comprehensible format that explains the associated idea.
Just a few examples associated to unsteady state materials and vitality stability are solved utilizing MATLAB®/Simulink®, and this allows college students to make use of such software program in fixing difficult issues of materials and vitality balances. The guide will be coated in a single semester if based mostly on a four-hour contact course or two semesters on a two-hour contact course. The brand new version accommodates extra solved examples and homework issues. A brand new chapter associated to single and multiphase programs has been added.
The fabric out there by way of the CRC Site accommodates a abstract of all chapters within the guide, workouts, property estimation software program, and psychometric chart parameter estimation software program. This materials is offered from the CRC Site: http://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9781482222289. We’re grateful to Allison Shatkin, buying editor for this guide, and Jessica Vakili, the challenge coordinator, for his or her assist and cooperation. We additionally thank these professors who’ve given us the prospect to see their course syllabi and contents.
They embody Professor Richard Zollars from Washington State College; Professors Prausnitz, Brown, Jessica, Bartling, Koros, and Timothy from the Georgia Institute of Expertise; and Professors Palecek, Murphy, Root, and Rawling from the College of Wisconsin–Madison. We additionally prolong our due to all professors who’re educating or contributing to this topic. The suggestions from Professor Douglas R. Lloyd and David Himmelblau and others is very appreciated.
Nayef Ghasem is an affiliate professor of chemical engineering on the United Arab Emirates College, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates. He earned each BSc and MSc levels from the Center East Technical College, Ankara (Turkey), and earned his PhD from the College of Salford, Better Manchester (UK). He teaches chemical course of ideas, pure gasoline processing, and course of modeling and simulation as undergraduate programs together with different programs in chemical engineering. Beforehand, he taught these programs on the College of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Principles of Chemical Engineering Processes: Material and Energy Balances
Author(s): Ghasem, Nayef; Henda, Redhouane
Publisher: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, Year: 2014
Table of contents :
Content: Preface Acknowledgments Authors Systems of Units Conversion factors Introduction Definitions of Chemical Engineering Sets of Units and Unit Conversion Conversion of Units Temperature Measurement Temperature Conversion Significant Figures Multiplication, Division, Addition, and Subtraction of Significant Numbers Dimensional Homogeneity Dimensionless Quantities Process and Process Variables Process Flow Sheet Process Unit Process Streams Density, Mass, and Volume Mass and Volumetric Flow Rates Moles and Molecular Weight Compositions of Streams Mass Fraction and Mole Fraction Concentration Pressure Measurement Types of Pressures Standard Temperature and Pressure Pressure-Sensing Devices Process Classification and Material Balance Material and Energy Balances Process Units and Degree of Freedom Analysis Process Units: Basic Functions Divider (Splitter) Mixer (Blender) Dryer (Direct Heating) Filter Distillation Column Multieffect Evaporator Dehumidification Humidifier Leaching and Extraction Absorber (Stripper) Partial Condenser and Flash Separator Flash Separator Crystallizer Reactors Batch Reactor PFRs and PBRs CSTR and Fluidized Bed Reactor Process Flow Diagram Labeling a PFD Degree of Freedom Analysis Possible Outcomes of DFA Independent Equations Multiple-Unit PFD DFA, Multiunit Process Material Balance on Single-Unit Process Introduction to Material Balance Material Balance Fundamentals Mass Balance on Steady-State Processes Stream Specification Basis for Calculation Procedure for Solving Material Balance Problems Multiple-Unit Process Calculations Multiple-Unit Process Degree of Freedom Analysis Recycle, Bypass, Purge, and Makeup Recycle Bypass Purge Makeup Material Balances on Reactive Systems Stoichiometry Basics Stoichiometric Equation Stoichiometric Coefficients Stoichiometric Ratio Limiting Reactant Excess Reactants Fractional Conversion General Material Balance Differential Balance Integral Balance Formulation Approaches of Mass Balance Extent of Reaction Method for a Single Reaction Element or Atomic Balance Method Molecular or Component Balance Approach Extent of Reaction and Multiple Reactions Molecular Species Approach for Multiple Reactions Degree of Freedom Analysis for Reactive Processes Chemical Equilibrium Combustion Reactions Theoretical and Excess Air Multiple-Unit Systems Involving Reaction, Recycle, and Purge Multiple-Unit Process Flowcharts Flow Sheet for Reaction with Recycle Reaction with Product Splitter and Recycle Reaction with Recycle and Purge Degree of Freedom Analysis for Reactive Multiple-Unit Processes Reaction and Multiple-Unit Steady-State Processes Single- and Multiphase Systems Single-Phase Systems Liquid and Solid Densities Ideal Gas Equation of State Gas Density Real Gas Relationships Compressibility Factor (z) Virial Equation of State Van der Waals Equation of State Soave-Redlich-Kwong Equation of State Kay’s Mixing Rules Multiphase Systems Phase Diagram Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Curve Vapor Pressure Estimation Clapeyron Equation Clausius-Clapeyron Equation Cox Chart Antoine Equation Partial Pressure Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures Raoult’s Law for a Single Condensable Species Gibbs’ Phase Rule Bubble Point, Dew Point, and Critical Point Energy and Energy Balances Energy Balance for Closed and Open Systems Forms of Energy: The First Law of Thermodynamics Energy Balance for a Closed System Energy Balance for an Open System Steam Turbine Heaters and Coolers Compressors Mechanical Energy Balance Bernoulli’s Equation Enthalpy Calculations Enthalpy Change as a Result of Temperature Constant Heat Capacity Enthalpy Calculations with Phase Changes Energy Balance for Open Systems with Multiple Inputs and Multiple Outputs Enthalpy Change because of Mixing Energy Balance for Bioprocesses Psychrometric Chart Summary Energy Balance with Reaction Heat of Reaction Heats of Formation and Heat of Combustion Extent of Reaction Reactions in Closed Processes Energy Balance for Reactive Processes Heat of Reaction Method Heat of Formation or Element Balance Method Simultaneous Material and Energy Balances Unknown Process Exit Temperature Combustion Processes Energy Balance in Bioprocesses Energy Balance in Membrane Reactors Summary Simultaneous Material and Energy Balances Material Balances Conversion Yield Selectivity Extent of Reaction (xi) Energy Balances Heat of Reaction Method Heat of Formation Method Concept of Atomic Balances Mathematical Formulation of the Atomic Balance Degree of Freedom Analysis for the Atomic Balance Implementing Recycle on the Separation Process Unsteady-State Material and Energy Balances Unsteady-State Material Balance Unsteady-State Energy Balance Appendices Index *Every chapter includes learning objectives, homework problems, and references.